Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more
At least three medically supervised failed attempts to reduce body weight through lifestyle modification
Have a lower BMI but are still obese and have serious medical problems like type 2 diabetes or high cholesterol
There are different types of such surgeries. A bariatric surgery is primarily designed and performed to either reduce food intake or reduce nutritional absorption through the intestines. Accordingly they are called Restrictive and Mal-absorptive.
Massive weight loss leads to some very serious aesthetic or cosmetic problems for the patients. Most common aesthetic or cosmetic side effects of Massive weight loss after Bariatric surgery or otherwise is Folds & Folds of excessive skin all over the body. Quite often, psychologically they can be very disturbing.
Whenever there is massive weight loss, the skin and tissues under the skin, called sub-cutaneous tissues, undergo very significant deflation leading to collapse and sagging of skin. Loss of fat from intra-abdominal areas also adds very significantly to developing folds and folds of redundant skin. These are manifested as sagging skin folds on abdomen, thighs, hips, arms, chest, and neck. In fact, skin sags and folds of redundant skin develop all over the body. These are extremely difficult to treat with non-surgical methods due to serious loss of skin tone and its shrinking ability. Body Contouring Surgery is the only option.
There are a variety of procedures which come under Body Contouring Surgery after Weight Loss
Abdominoplasty, also called 'surgical tummy tuck' is done to remove abdominal skin folds: abdominoplasty surgery is performed to give the patient a firm, flat and tight belly
Brachioplasty or Arms lift corrects the sagging of arms, also called, 'bat-wing' deformity
Breast lift with or without a breast implants will restore the normal position, fullness and firmness of the breasts
Upper body lift is done to remove the sagging folds of skin on chest and upper back
Lower or lateral body lift is performed to tighten the sides of the thighs, hips and loose waistline
Thighplasty tightens the thighs by removing folds of skin on thighs particularly on the inner thighs, outer thighs or posterior thighs
Other areas can be suitable tightened by appropriately designed procedure as suggested by your cosmetic surgeon
Morbid obesity developing due to unhealthy lifestyles can be a very difficult problem to treat. Although trying to lose weight by a controlled diet plan and regular exercise is most desirable and recommended yet, it can be a very daunting proposition for many. Many morbidly obese patients are nowadays preferring to undergo the surgeon's knife for weight loss surgery, also known as 'bariatric surgery'